### awoo's blog

By awoo, history, 6 years ago,

1065A - Vasya and Chocolate

Tutorial
Solution (Ajosteen)

1065B - Vasya and Isolated Vertices

Tutorial
Solution (Ajosteen)

1065C - Make It Equal

Tutorial
Solution (Ajosteen)

1065D - Three Pieces

Tutorial
Solution (PikMike)

1065E - Side Transmutations

Tutorial
Solution (PikMike)

1065F - Up and Down the Tree

Tutorial

1065G - Fibonacci Suffix

Tutorial
Solution (BledDest)
• +43

| Write comment?
 » 6 years ago, # |   0 44220948Why does my D WA on test 25? I had a similar solution, except I bruteforced the shortestdistance instead of using bds/djikstras, and used a bunch of selections for the dp instead of a pair.
•  » » 6 years ago, # ^ | ← Rev. 2 →   +11 You probably didnt consider that in the optimal solution you need to change the chess piece on the way between position a and b and not only change pieces on position a or b?
•  » » » 6 years ago, # ^ |   -6 but a rook can always reach your desired position in 2 moves, so even if you switch to a rook at the beginning your total cost will be 3Now if you're using a bishop and move to a position which isn't your destination, and switch to another counter and then move to your desired position, your total cost would still be 3The same goes for switching between other counters. Your maximum cost will always be 3 (which is the same as switching to a rook at the beginning and then reaching your desired position)
•  » » » » 6 years ago, # ^ |   +8 4 14 10 3 7 4 15 11 13 12 1 16 9 2 5 6 8 Consider, when you are in number 2 with a bishop. You can go to number 3 with a rook in 3 steps: replace bishop with rook, goto 14, goto number 3. You can go to number 3 with a knight in 3 steps: go back to 1 with bishop, replace bishop with knight, goto number 3. (Note that, you cannot replace bishop with knight in number 2 because, in that case, you need 4 steps to go to number 3)
•  » » » » 5 years ago, # ^ |   0 Well, what if you number the positions as the positions of a knights tour? Then the optimal solution would be to start with a knight and the distance between each location would be 1.
 » 6 years ago, # | ← Rev. 2 →   +16 O((N + M) * M) or O(M * (M + log(N))) solution for G:Same solution but changing 1 part, the part of counting the number of occurences. Instead of using an automaton, keep pref[i] ans suf[i] as the M first characters of the prefix/suffix of the i-th string. Using this, freq[i] = freq[i-2] + freq[i-1] + occurences that use the suf[i-2] + pref[i-1]. This gives us an O(N * M^2) solution like in the editorial. But you can note that starting from one point (the position where |F[i]| >= M), pref[i] == pref[i + 2] and suf[i] == suf[i + 1]. This means that the "occurences that use the suf[i-2] + pref[i-1]" will actually repeat with period 2. So you can calculate it in one phase until that point, the cost of this is O(F[0] + F[1] + F[2] + ... + F[i]) = O(F[i + 1]) = O(M) and from that point on, you can reuse the number of occurences that happened in the previous calculations (or do 4 more just to be safe and use from that point on, doesn't change the complexity). Total complexity: O((N * M) * M) with one phase (additional character) happening in O(M + N) because you need to calculate the borders for KMP. You can actually use this fact to create a linear recurrence relation for freq[i] and use matrix exponentiation (the column matrix keeps freq[i], freq[i-1], the transitions and keep swapping them) starting from the point that it repeats, this would result in a O(log(M) + M + log(N) * 4^3) phase per character in the answer. The log(M) comes from the fact that fib is exponential, so the point that it starts repeating is O(log(M)). This would result in a O(M * (M + log(N))) solution.Code for O((N + M) * M) solution: http://mirror.codeforces.com/contest/1065/submission/44225229Edit: If there's an occurence in the transition, you can also keep calculating until it breaks K. It will break K in O(logK) steps and if there's no occurence, you just break. So I guess the second part wouldn't be necessary for the O(M^2) complexity.
•  » » 6 years ago, # ^ | ← Rev. 2 →   +5 That also implies that a big N doesn't matter as can be seen here: http://mirror.codeforces.com/contest/1065/submission/44226008. n = min(n, 100) works. To be more exact, the bound on N mattering would be O(log(M) + log(K)).
 » 6 years ago, # |   0 https://mirror.codeforces.com/contest/1065/submission/44147964For C,my approach is a bit similar can anyone help me,where i am wrong?
 » 6 years ago, # |   +1 Can someone explain d.
 » 6 years ago, # |   0 Hi! I have a problem can anybody help? if u submit this solution for problem D with MS C++ u get accept! Link to code! but gnu++ gives WA! do u know why?
 » 6 years ago, # |   +1 Can E solve by polya?
•  » » 6 years ago, # ^ |   +1 Yes, you can. 44419650As the editorial said every subset of segments [0..l1), [l1, l2), …, [lm−1, lm) is achievable. There is a bijective relation between the set of subsets of segments and the set of transformations G and every transformation add An - k where k is the sum of the cardinalities of the segments in the associated subset.
•  » » » 6 years ago, # ^ |   +1 Yes! Actually, the formula solve by polya is the same as the official tuitual. Wonderful!
•  » » » » 6 years ago, # ^ |   -6 what is polya?
•  » » » » » 6 years ago, # ^ |   0 This may help you https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/P%C3%B3lya_enumeration_theorem
 » 6 years ago, # |   -6 In the tutorial of Problem E: cnt function : why is there *(mod+1)/2 instead of /2 directly in the return. I am getting wrong answer with /2 but I am not able to understand why.
 » 6 years ago, # | ← Rev. 2 →   0 Why this this solution for problem 1065C is not correct ?Since the attainable equal height is the Smallest number.then Number of Chops can be : ceil((SumOfHeight - N * minHeight) / K)
•  » » 5 years ago, # ^ |   0 Because we cant remove blocks parially from any particular height
•  » » 3 years ago, # ^ |   0 aryan29's explanation is correct. Here, I'm providing a visual representation of a counter case so that people can get an intuitive understanding of the situation. Consider the test case: 3 3 5 3 1 Here ceil((SumOfHeight - N * minHeight) / K) will give 2 slices which is incorrect as we can not remove blocks from a height partially. Whereas the correct number of slices is 3.
•  » » » 2 weeks ago, # ^ |   0 please why my does my C WA on test 9? https://mirror.codeforces.com/problemset/submission/1065/271734995 i store in h[i] the number of squares that are greater than or equal to i .
 » 6 years ago, # | ← Rev. 2 →   -6 Problem D can be solved with a single BFS using a state of four dimensions: current x, current y, piece type, current square we are at. The result is the minimum among final states. https://mirror.codeforces.com/contest/1065/submission/46351519
 » 4 years ago, # |   0 Can anyone explain 1065C?I didn't understand the editorial.thanks in advance.
•  » » 4 years ago, # ^ |   0 here is my code that may help u. if u don't understand then sorry. https://mirror.codeforces.com/contest/1065/submission/91731954
•  » » » 11 months ago, # ^ |   0 thanks for solution, I learned something new...
 » 4 years ago, # |   -8 Problem E is so nice. A subtle change in perspective, by viewing the string as a whole, solves it instantly!
 » 4 years ago, # |   0 Another solution for F : Let's convert this graph to SCC's and bridges, where each SCC component has a weight denoting number of distinct leaf nodes in that SCC. Start a dfs from the root, and when we hit each bottom, start uniting (union — find algorithm) the nodes on the basis of minimum distance of a leaf to their parents. Maintaining the weight of component is simple, initialize the weights of leaf components initially as 1, and non leaves as 0, take care of uniting weights while uniting nodes. Now we have a set of SCC's and to add bridges in between them, consider each edge in original tree not joining 2 nodes of same components. Now that we have a graph of SCC's and bridges, we need to find a path from root(component having node 1) to a leaf component having maximum sum of weights (maximum number of distinct leaves essentially). This is a simple dfs traversal, visit each child of a node, get maximum answer for respective children, and answer for parent is the weight of root + maximum of answers of all children. Time Complexity is O(N) or O(NlogN) depending on the implementation.Note : You could do union of the complete graph in O(N) too.
 » 2 weeks ago, # |   0 please why my does my C WA on test 9? https://mirror.codeforces.com/problemset/submission/1065/271734995 i store in h[i] the number of squares that are greater than or equal to i .